LAND RESOURCE IN TANZANIA: WHOSE STATE WHOSE RESOURCES

 

By Evaristo H

A PAPER PRESENTED ON THE FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON STATE, NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONFLICTS: ACTORS AND DYNAMICS IN MAPUTO, MOZAMBIQUE 27 th august, 2014

http://www.iese.ac.mz/?__target__=home

Abstract

This paper assesses land resource in Tanzania in relation to ownership, access and control for livelihoods and development. The ownership of resources and state impacts the community stability and development. The paper employs political ecology approach to analyse the state of art in relation to land resource. In-depth interviews Focus Group Discussions and Literature review were employed to establish historical trend in relation to conflicts and contradictions that exist in resource management.

The paper advances that since 1923 Tanzania has undergone a number of land reforms however, the principles of land tenure have not changed. Tanzanian producers were separated from their means of production. This resulted to conflicts over land which occurs in different forms and scale.

After independence, land was dispossessed in the name of the national/ public interest to establish National Parks, agricultural projects and other projects that did not respond to internal demands. After the failure of the projects such land was not returned to the users.

Moreover, Tanzania has formulated a number of laws to facilitate accumulation. These include commodification of land that raised its demand hence second scramble. About 16 Acts were enacted annually since 1990 to fulfil the demand that cause the rise of the question whose state.

Both Tanzania and Mozambique inherited colonial systems of natural resource management and ownership which continue to inform the current practice.

Tanzania is dominated by the accumulation tendency overtime time in history. The state apparatus are the agents of accumulation. The situation will be tense in future.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: